Food and nutrition situation / ECOWAS area

Food and nutrition situation
ECOWAS area

March-May 2021 / Current Situation

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-

June-August 2021 / Projected Situation

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-
  • Phase 1 : minimal
  • Phase 2 : under pressure
  • Phase 3 : crisis
  • Phase 4 : emergency
  • Phase 5 : famine
  • Not analysed
Source: Cadre harmonisé analysis, National validation workshop, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, March 2021
© 2021. Food Crisis Prevention Network (RPCA)

Number of food insecure people

State Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4 Phase 5 Phase 3-5 %* Population
TOTAL
State Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4 Phase 5 Phase 3-5 %* Population
TOTAL

* Share of analysed population

The ECOWAS area facing the 2021 food and nutrition crisis

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For the second consecutive year, several ECOWAS Member States are facing a major food and nutrition crisis. Vulnerable populations remain concentrated in the conflict-affected areas of northeastern Nigeria (4.3 million) and the Liptako-Gourma area (3.2 million). However, new food insecurity hotspots are emerging in the Gulf of Guinea, notably in Sierra Leone.

  • According to the March and June 2021 estimates of the Cadre harmonisé, at the beginning of the lean season 2021, the number of acutely-food insecure people in the ECOWAS area may reach 24.8 million people; nearly half of them are based in Nigeria (12.8 million). This represents a new peak for the ECOWAS area.
  • Moreover, an additional 63 million people are currently “under pressure” (phase 2) and could fall into a crisis situation if appropriate measures are not taken.
  • The nutrition situation remains precarious in most Sahelian countries due to limited access to health centres as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic and the security crisis.
  • In June-August 2021, Sierra Leone counts some 1.8 million acutely-food insecure people, with a prevalence rate of 22% or 1 in 5 people in need of urgent assistance. This tense food situation in the region is due to the collusion of the security and health crises, but is also impacted by socio-economic shocks.
  • The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone are hit hard by inflation.
  • Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone recorded food price increases of over 40% compared to the five-year average due to the combined effects of inflation and the security and health crises. This socio-economic context has persisted for at least three years and is weakening vulnerable households’ livelihoods and their ability to access food.

March-May 2021 / Current Situation
June-August 2021 / Projected Situation
  • Phase 1 : minimal
  • Phase 2 : under pressure
  • Phase 3 : crisis
  • Phase 4 : emergency
  • Phase 5 : famine
  • Not analysed
Nombre de personnes (en millions) en situation de crise et au delà sur la période Juin-Août
  • Phase 1 : minimal
  • Phase 2 : under pressure
  • Phase 3 : crisis
  • Phase 4 : emergency
  • Phase 5 : famine
  • Not analysed