Food and nutrition situation / Espace Region

Food and nutrition situation
Espace Region

March-May 2021 / Current Situation

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June-August 2021 / Projected Situation

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  • Phase 1 : minimal
  • Phase 2 : under pressure
  • Phase 3 : crisis
  • Phase 4 : emergency
  • Phase 5 : famine
  • Not analysed
Source: Cadre harmonisé analysis, National validation workshop, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, March 2021
© 2021. Food Crisis Prevention Network (RPCA)

Number of food insecure people

Country Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4 Phase 5 Phase 3-5 %* Population
Benin
Burkina-Faso 15 884 068 3 745 776 1 898 955 177 364 2 076 319 10% 21 706 163
Cabo-Verde
Chad 11 416 303 2 683 372 1 180 175 96 016 1 276 191 8% 15 375 866
Cote-D-Ivoire 10 101 534 2 168 912 443 749 43 542 487 291 4% 12 757 736
Gambia 2 025 124 365 305 65 410 65 410 3% 2 455 839
Ghana 26 542 200 3 450 102 935 221 27 681 962 902 3% 30 955 204
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau 1 085 967 165 331 68 127 68 127 5% 1 319 425
Liberia 2 541 792 1 399 513 672 602 100 272 772 874 16% 4 714 178
Mali 16 988 771 3 256 239 837 144 29 847 866 991 4% 21 112 001
Mauritania 3 263 160 695 578 195 843 195 843 5% 4 154 581
Niger 16 924 962 4 441 230 1 501 152 101 871 1 603 023 7% 22 969 215
Nigeria 66 919 551 23 045 764 8 702 777 493 345 9 196 122 9% 99 161 438
Senegal 14 515 567 2 403 220 294 882 3 797 298 679 2% 17 215 426
Sierra-Leone 4 195 687 2 403 510 1 501 121 1 501 121 19% 8 100 318
Togo 4 684 375 1 010 070 236 420 1 514 237 934 4% 5 932 378
TOTAL 197 089 061 51 233 922 18 533 578 1 075 249 19 608 827 267 929 768
Country Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4 Phase 5 Phase 3-5 %* Population
Benin 7 285 823 1 436 375 281 638 281 638 3% 9 003 836
Burkina-Faso 14 074 879 4 764 223 2 522 691 344 370 2 867 061 13% 21 706 163
Cabo-Verde
Chad 10 265 854 3 331 382 1 613 220 165 410 1 778 630 12% 15 375 866
Cote-D-Ivoire 9 688 098 2 489 010 521 857 58 771 580 628 5% 12 757 736
Gambia 1 855 578 486 542 113 720 113 720 5% 2 455 840
Ghana 28 231 433 2 314 703 407 746 1 323 409 069 1% 30 955 205
Guinea 8 262 248 2 169 692 683 633 683 633 6% 11 115 573
Guinea-Bissau 933 275 285 567 100 582 100 582 8% 1 319 424
Liberia 2 264 674 1 510 122 776 050 163 331 939 381 20% 4 714 177
Mali 15 720 652 4 084 276 1 245 569 61 504 1 307 073 6% 21 112 001
Mauritania 2 825 279 871 973 436 687 20 642 457 329 11% 4 154 581
Niger 14 893 154 5 793 529 2 068 113 214 419 2 282 532 10% 22 969 215
Nigeria 64 049 923 30 719 161 12 018 140 798 482 12 816 622 12% 107 585 706
Senegal 13 597 338 3 130 040 481 554 6 494 488 048 3% 17 215 426
Sierra-Leone 3 512 039 2 825 745 1 672 544 89 990 1 762 534 22% 8 100 318
Togo 4 769 694 958 550 202 621 1 514 204 135 3% 5 932 379
TOTAL 202 229 941 67 170 890 25 146 365 1 926 250 27 072 615 296 473 446

* Share of analysed population

KEY FINDINGS

  • Current situation (March-May 2021): 19.6 million in a "Crisis" situation or worse (phases 3-5)
  • Projected situation (June-August 2021): 27.1 million in a "Crisis" situation or worse (phases 3-5), including 12.8 million in northern Nigeria
  • More than 10 million additional people in a "Crisis" situation or worse compared to June-August 2020
  • 51 million people currently under pressure (phase 2)> risk of falling into crisis
  • No people facing "famine" (phase 5)
  • Acute food insecurity hotspots: northeastern Nigeria (Adamawa, Borno, Yobe), Central Sahel (Liptako-Gourma) and since 2021: Liberia and Sierra Leone
  • Countries with over 1 million people in a "Crisis" situation or worse (June-August 2021): Nigeria (12.8 million), Burkina Faso (2.9 million), Niger (2.3 million), Sierra Leone (1.8 million), Chad (1.8 million) and Mali (1.3 million).

For the second consecutive year, the region is facing an unprecedented food and nutrition crisis. The Cadre harmonisé analysis indicates that 27.1 million people, including 12.8 million in Nigeria, might require urgent food and nutrition assistance by June-August 2021, if appropriate measures are not taken. An additional 67 million people “under pressure” (phase 2) could fall into a crisis situation.

Food insecurity hotspots are expanding to the Gulf of Guinea in an alarming manner. In addition to recurrent hotspots in the Liptako-Gourma region, the Lake Chad Basin and northern Nigeria, the Gulf of Guinea has become a new hotspot over the past two years. This food emergency, caused by inflation, concerns Liberia and Sierra Leone, which could affect approximately 0.94 and 1.8 million people respectively during the 2021 lean season. Sierra Leone has recorded more than 1 million people in a food  crisis situation for the second consecutive year.


March-May 2021 / Current Situation
June-August 2021 / Projected Situation
  • Phase 1 : minimal
  • Phase 2 : under pressure
  • Phase 3 : crisis
  • Phase 4 : emergency
  • Phase 5 : famine
  • Not analysed
Nombre de personnes (en millions) en situation de crise et au delà sur la période Juin-Août
  • Phase 1 : minimal
  • Phase 2 : under pressure
  • Phase 3 : crisis
  • Phase 4 : emergency
  • Phase 5 : famine
  • Not analysed