Food and nutrition situation / UEMOA area

Food and nutrition situation
UEMOA area

March-May 2021 / Current Situation

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-

June-August 2021 / Projected Situation

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  • Phase 1 : minimal
  • Phase 2 : under pressure
  • Phase 3 : crisis
  • Phase 4 : emergency
  • Phase 5 : famine
  • Not analysed
Source: Cadre harmonisé analysis, National validation workshop, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, March 2021
© 2021. Food Crisis Prevention Network (RPCA)

Number of food insecure people

Country Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4 Phase 5 Phase 3-5 %* Population
Benin
Burkina-Faso 15 884 068 3 745 776 1 898 955 177 364 2 076 319 10% 21 706 163
Cote-D-Ivoire 10 101 534 2 168 912 443 749 43 542 487 291 4% 12 757 736
Guinea-Bissau 1 085 967 165 331 68 127 68 127 5% 1 319 425
Mali 16 988 771 3 256 239 837 144 29 847 866 991 4% 21 112 001
Niger 16 924 962 4 441 230 1 501 152 101 871 1 603 023 7% 22 969 215
Senegal 14 515 567 2 403 220 294 882 3 797 298 679 2% 17 215 426
Togo 4 684 375 1 010 070 236 420 1 514 237 934 4% 5 932 378
TOTAL 80 185 244 17 190 778 5 280 429 357 935 5 638 364 103 012 344
Country Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4 Phase 5 Phase 3-5 %* Population
Benin 7 285 823 1 436 375 281 638 281 638 3% 9 003 836
Burkina-Faso 14 074 879 4 764 223 2 522 691 344 370 2 867 061 13% 21 706 163
Cote-D-Ivoire 9 688 098 2 489 010 521 857 58 771 580 628 5% 12 757 736
Guinea-Bissau 933 275 285 567 100 582 100 582 8% 1 319 424
Mali 15 720 652 4 084 276 1 245 569 61 504 1 307 073 6% 21 112 001
Niger 14 893 154 5 793 529 2 068 113 214 419 2 282 532 10% 22 969 215
Senegal 13 597 338 3 130 040 481 554 6 494 488 048 3% 17 215 426
Togo 4 769 694 958 550 202 621 1 514 204 135 3% 5 932 379
TOTAL 80 962 913 22 941 570 7 424 625 687 072 8 111 697 112 016 180

* Share of analysed population

The UEMOA area facing the 2021 food and nutrition crisis

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For the second consecutive year, the eight UEMOA Member States are facing a major food and nutrition crisis.  Vulnerable populations are concentrated in conflict‑affected areas in the Liptako‑Gourma area (Sahel, Central North, North and East in Burkina Faso; Gao and Mopti in Mali and Tillabery in Niger) as well as in the border area between Niger and Nigeria. Civil insecurity remains one of the main aggravating factors of this food and nutrition situation, generating large flows of internally displaced persons (more than 1.1 million in Burkina Faso) and causing health centres and schools to close and depriving children of school meals. This has led to a sharp increase in the need for food and humanitarian assistance.

  • According to the March and June 2021 estimates of the Cadre harmonisé, at the beginning of the lean season 2021, the number of acutely-food insecure people in the UEMOA area may reach 8.1 million people, compared to 5.7 million in June-August 2020.
  • An additional 22.9 million people are currently “under pressure” (phase 2) and could fall into a crisis situation if appropriate measures are not taken.
  • The nutrition situation remains precarious in most Sahelian countries due to limited access to health centres as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic and the security crisis.
  • Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger and Senegal have already drawn up national response plans, but lack the necessary funding. Burkina Faso and Mali also recorded a strong boost in food production, with increases of 13.0% and 7.8% respectively, compared to the previous agricultural campaign.
  • Economic recovery is underway. According to BCEAO estimates, real GDP in the UEMOA area grew by 4.6% in the first quarter of 2021.
  • Inflation remains under control, with a rate of 1.8% at the end of February 2021

March-May 2021 / Current Situation
June-August 2021 / Projected Situation
  • Phase 1 : minimal
  • Phase 2 : under pressure
  • Phase 3 : crisis
  • Phase 4 : emergency
  • Phase 5 : famine
  • Not analysed
Nombre de personnes (en millions) en situation de crise et au delà sur la période Juin-Août
  • Phase 1 : minimal
  • Phase 2 : under pressure
  • Phase 3 : crisis
  • Phase 4 : emergency
  • Phase 5 : famine
  • Not analysed