ECOWAS countries with more than 1 million acutely-food insecure people (phases 3-5)

Published : June 2021

For the second consecutive year, several ECOWAS Member States are facing a major food and nutrition crisis. According to the March and June 2021 estimates of the Cadre harmonisé, at the beginning of the lean season 2021, the number of acutely-food insecure people in the ECOWAS area may reach 24.8 million people; nearly half of them are based in Nigeria (12.8 million). This represents a new peak for the ECOWAS area. Moreover, an additional 63 million people are currently “under pressure” (phase 2) and could fall into a crisis situation if appropriate measures are not taken. The nutrition situation remains precarious in most Sahelian countries due to limited access to health centres as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic and the security crisis. Vulnerable populations remain concentrated in the conflict-affected areas of northeastern Nigeria (4.3 million) and the Liptako-Gourma area (3.2 million). However, new food insecurity hotspots are emerging in the Gulf of Guinea, notably in Sierra Leone. In June-August 2021, Sierra Leone counts some 1.8 million acutely-food insecure people, with a prevalence rate of 22% or 1 in 5 people in need of urgent assistance. This tense food situation in the region is due to the collusion of the security and health crises, but is also impacted by socio-economic shocks

Countries : Benin, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Côte d'Ivoire, ECOWAS area, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Liptako-Gourma, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

Scale : Regional (West Africa)

Langs : English

See also

Acutely-food insecure people in the UEMOA area (phase 3-5)


The ECOWAS area facing the 2021 food and nutrition crisis


The UEMOA area facing the 2021 food and nutrition crisis


Food and nutrition trends in the Sahel and West Africa, 2017-21


Sahel and West Africa: 19.6 million people in a "Crisis" situation or worse, March-May 2021