Food and nutrition situation (FNS)
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The Set of Instruments is a group of practices and tools for responding to food and nutrition crises. The context that motivated this first revision is notably marked by multifactorial food and nutrition crises linked to a combination of shocks of various kinds: climatic (droughts, floods, etc.), socio-economic (markets, inflation, purchasing power, gender-based violence -GBV-, etc.), security (conflicts and other forms of violence) and health (Ebola, COVID-19). These food and nutrition tensions are occurring in a context where states are increasingly short of resources due to the accumulation of crises and the sharp increase in demand for basic social services driven by rapid population growth. Thus, the revised Set of instruments combines prevention, preparedness and management measures with resilience building and sustainable livelihood recovery.